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The Element Fire in Architecture – From Prehistorical Relics and Monuments of the Antiquity to the Temple of Salomon

27.06.2021 - 15:00 / Festival Tent, ul. Józefa 36 | live: 30.jewishfestival.pl

Fire as an example of a constantly ambivalent element. Contrast and complementarity of opposites – light and darkness.
Prehistoric caves as a venue for the light-darkness show. An element tamed – fire in everyday life and worship. Nomad camps, prehistoric farmers’ huts.

The significance of the hearth: megaron and the cult of Hestia – the rite of amphidromy – altars in the open air – ashes belong to deities – the source of the monumentalisation of the altar – a new architectural monument, an example of the Pergamon altar.

A peculiarity: Persian fire temples.

Architectural scenography of liberation through illumination: the Eleusinian mysteries, regeneration of the Sun in the underworld – the Egyptian concept. A festival of light and the dead in a beautiful celebration from a desert valley in Thebes.

Ancient Israel: Theophany of Light and Darkness: – hidden in the darkness of a temple in Debir – hot bush and materialized glow in a golden calf – Jachin and Boaz pillars as sources of intervention of God Most High in the form of St. Elmo’s fire.

prof. Ernest Niemczyk

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